Kilimanjaro, as high up as 3,500 meters (11,480 feet). Their most recognizable feature is, of course, its quills. Porcupine or Cape Porcupine [Hystrix africaeaustralis] Appearance. Characteristics: Cape porcupines are one of the world’s largest porcupine … They have stock bodies; rounded heads; and stiff quills. It has long hair and black-and-white quills that can grow to a foot in length. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. If an enemy persists, then they run backward until they ram their attacker with their quills. Both the male and female African Porcupines weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds) with very large specicimens weighing up … Indian porcupinesare almost the same size on … It has been recorded from sea level to 2,550 m (8,370 ft) in Moroccan Anti-Atlas. These burrows are most commonly occupied in family units. Scales on quill tips lodge in the skin like fishhooks and are difficult to pull out. [13] Newborn young weigh 300 to 440 grams (11 to 16 oz), and initially have soft quills. The head is roundish and rather domed, with a blunt muzzle and small eyes and ears. The gestation period of the African crested porcupine is about 112 days. They are well-developed and are born with open eyes. ... African crested porcupine makes her TV debut - Duration: 4:04. The young leave home for the first time at about two weeks of age, as their quills — soft at birth — begin to harden. Quills sometimes dig into fleshy areas and eventually may kill the predator by causing infections or by stabbing vital areas. When porcupine populations close to cultivated areas surge, they can become serious agricultural pests. [5] However, their debarking of trees may also play a role in the maintenance of local savannah ecosystems, helping to prevent the development of denser forested environments. The long-tailed porcupine of the Old World is 27.9-48 cm long and its weight varies from 1.5 to 2.3 kg. The African cape porcupine is one of the largest members of the rodent family. The remainder of the animal, including the undersides, is covered with dark hair. For the headland in Canada, see, Mori, E.; Lovari, S. (2014). Characteristics. The reverse charge is most effective because the hindquarters are the most heavily armed, and the quills are directed to the rear. The Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) or South African porcupine, is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa. They are quite playful and, outside the burrow, they run and chase one another. From the head to the base of it’s tail, a cape porcupine measures between 63 and 81cm (25 and 32in) long. In the Western Cape, leopards are significantly smaller, females averaging 20 kg, which makes them in many instances smaller than a large male Caracal. [16], Relative to most other rodents, Cape porcupines are long-lived, surviving for ten years in the wild, or up to twenty years in captivity. AWF engages local communities to set aside land for wildlife to live undisturbed. Discover How Long Cape porcupine Lives. The young are suckled from six to eight weeks of age and then begin to eat vegetable matter. Their quill lengths vary on different parts of the body, anywhere from 1” to 12” on their back. New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. ), Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. Unlike New World porcupines, Old World porcupines don't climb trees. Our newest arrivals are a pair of Cape Porcupine making their home on the south side of Kopje Rock, beside our Meerkats: Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats — excessively moist forests and the most barren of deserts seem to be the only exceptions. Sometimes, they will even take carrion back to the burrow to nibble on. "Reproductive biology of the male Cape porcupine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cape_porcupine&oldid=967452516, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 July 2020, at 09:53. [5] The average weight of males from Zimbabwe was 16.9 kg (37 lb) and while the average for females there was 18.4 kg (41 lb) while in the Orange river valley of South Africa males averaged 12.3 kg (27 lb) and females averaged 13 kg (29 lb). They have a long small intestine and large caecum, employing hindgut fermentation to break down the tough materials in their food. It can grow up to 90 centimeters long and weigh up to 30 kilograms. Its quills are longer (8 to 16 inches in length) and cover the lower half of the porcupine’s body. Although African crested porcupines Hystrix spp. Burnie, D.; Wilson, D. E. Old World porcupine quills don't have the barbs found on the quills of New World porcupines, but they can still get stuck in the flesh of an attacking animal! Some African tribal people use their guard hairs and quills for ceremonial clothing including masks, vests, jewelry, and totems. In the Mediterranean, it is known from mainland Italy and the island of Sicily, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia; they are also recorded in Ghana, Libya and along the Egyptian coast. [5], The eyes and ears are relatively small, and the mobile whiskers are short. Rodents are mammals including rats, mice, porcupines, beavers, and more. Both species have long, white, stiletto-like quills running the length of their backs that, when raised, make the animals appear at least twice as large as they actually are. The Old World porcupines belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the … represent 0.5–34% of lion Panthera leo kills, interactions between the two species are poorly documented. [10], Cape porcupines are nocturnal and monogamous, typically living as mated pairs of adults, caring for any young together. Each pair may inhabit up to six burrows, jointly defending their shared territory,[11] although they typically forage as individuals. Cape porcupines mate throughout the year, although births are most common during the rainy season, between August and March. Porcupines will stamp their feet, click their teeth, and growl or hiss while vibrating specialized quills that produce a characteristic rattle. Indian crested porc... Long-tailed Porcupi... Malayan porcupine. Asiatic Brush-taile... Brazilian porcupine. Indian porcupines are almost the same size on average as well, being slightly heavier on average than crested porcupine but slightly lighter than Cape porcupines. In the Laikipia region of Kenya — which has no formal protected areas — we partnered with the Koija community and a private operator to construct the Koija Starbeds Lodge. Wild Wednesday: African Cape Porcupine. The South African Porcupine has small eyes and ears and rather short whiskers. [12] The size of the home range varies depending on the local habitat and availability of food, but can range between at least 67 and 203 hectares (170 and 500 acres).[5]. Weight Its proportions are not as attractive as its animal itself. The Cape porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world, alongside the nearly identical African crested porcupine. Between one and four young are born in the grass-lined burrow. Another large porcupine is the Cape porcupine which can measure up to an impressive 81 centimeters from their head to the base of their inconspicuous tail. Both sexes are about 84 cm in length. THe porcupine does not shoot its quills out in defence, as it is rumoured to do. The cape porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. One of Africa’s 2 largest rodents (the other is the crested porcupine, Hystrix cristata) (Barthelmess 2016b). and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. Porcupines are the largest and heaviest of all African rodents. In addition to being targeted for their quills, they are illegally hunted for their meat. Habitat: Highly adaptable, living anywhere vegetation is available.They are more likely to be found in open spaces rather than wooded areas, and they seek out rocky crevices, abandoned burrows and caves for shelter. The Cape porcupine is a large (12.0 kg), nocturnal hystricomorph rodent and widely distributed throughout southern Africa. If cornered, it turns vicious and charges to stab its attacker with its quills. Oestrus lasts for an average of nine days, during which a membrane across the vagina opens to allow insemination. Koija Starbeds sets aside land for wildlife while, at the same time, creating jobs and income for the local community. [2], They are heavily built animals, with stocky bodies, short limbs, and an inconspicuous tail. The North African crested porcupine is the largest. Description. Cape porcupines eat mostly plant material: fruits, roots, tubers, bulbs, and bark. However, these dimensions are not as impressive as the sight of the animal itself. They inhabit a wide range of habitats, from sea level to 2,000 metres (6,600 ft), although they are only marginally present in dense forests and the driest of deserts, and are not found in swampland. They are good diggers. “Porcupine” means “quill pig.” Some animals kill and eat porcupines, but the quills are very sharp and pull out easily. Unleash more canine heroes to save elephants. The spines and quills cover the back and flanks of the animal, starting about a third of the way down the body, and continuing onto the tail. New quills grow in to replace lost ones. [9] They have also been reported to gnaw on carrion and bones. Porcupines primarily eat roots, tubers, bark, and fallen fruit but also have a fondness for cultivated root crops such as cassava, potatoes, and carrots. Sub-Saharan Africa. Discover How Long Cape porcupine Lives. The quills have multiple bands of black and white along their length, and grow from regularly spaced grooves along the animal's body; each groove holding five to eight quills. The porcupine does not shoot its quills at predators; rather, it sheds them on impact so that they become imbedded in an attacker. Family Hystricidae. Males and females are similar sizes, typically weighing between 18 … When the animal is relaxed the way its quill lay flat resembles a grass skirt, but instead of being green it is black with white stripes. Unless a previous litter is lost, females typically give birth only once each year. They are covered in quills which is where their name porcupine derives from as in French ‘ porc espin ’ means spined pig. The crested porcupine is found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. The African Crested porcupine has a black body and black hair. Search. They are smoked out of their burrows and hunted with spears, nets, or dogs. [5] They weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds), with exceptionally large specimens weighing up to 30 kg (66 lb);[6][7] males and females are not significantly different in size. They have even been found on Mt. Cape Porcupine, Newfoundland and Labrador, "Aspects of the digestion in the Cape porcupine", "Reproduction in captive female Cape porcupines (. Their tail increases this length by 11-20cm (4.3-7.9in). Also called the South African porcupine, the Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) is the world's largest porcupine.They are similar in appearance to, and only slightly larger than, their close relatives, the crested porcupines, and can most easily be distinguished from them by the presence of a band of short white spines along the midline of the rump. There are 11 species in this family. Between one and four young are born in the grass-lined burrow. Crested Porcupine has somewhat long, coal-colored hair that falls evenly on either side of her head with distinctive, "quill"-like striped locks framing her round face. They are similar in appearance to, and only slightly larger than, their close relatives, the crested porcupines, and can most easily be distinguished from them by the presence of a band of short white spines along the midline of the rump. These large rodents modify natural shelters among roots and rocks, inhabit holes made by other animals, or dig their own hideaways. ... African porcupine. The African porcupine is the largest rodent in the regions they inhabit. The spines on the tail are hollow, and used to make a rattling sound to scare away predators. Porcupines reside in natural shelters near roots and rocks, inside holes made by each other or holes they dig themselves. These practices have eliminated them from densely settled areas. The Cape Porcupine is 630 to 810 mm in length (excluding the small tail, which is about 110 to 200mm long). Whereas, the larger crested porcupine is 60-83 cm long and its body weight is 13-27 kg. Old World porcupines are found in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The feet have five clawed toes, although the first toes on the forefeet are vestigial. PORTLAND, Ore. – A Cape porcupine, native to Africa, is making its temporary home at the Oregon Zoo after living on the streets of Spanaway, Wash. for a year and a half. [14], Gestation lasts around 94 days, and results in the birth of a litter of up to three young, although over half of births are of singletons. Rodents, such as our African crested porcupines, have ever growing front teeth (called incisors). Ever dapper, the Crested Porcupine Friend dresses herself in a simple but stylish black sweater-vest over top of a gray dress shirt and white business ti… Females have two pairs of teats.[5]. [1][8] There are no currently recognised subspecies. Here are some of the interesting facts about the cape porcupine. Sexual size monomorphism in the crested porcupine (. The word porcupine means “quill pig” in Latin; however, porcupines are large rodents and have no relation to pigs. The black & white quills along the head and back can be raised into a crest, thus the name. Cape porcupines are found across the whole of southern and central Africa, to southern Kenya, Uganda, and Congo at the northern edge of their range. Cape porcupines seem to be the world's fourth heaviest living rodents, after the capybara and the Eurasian and North American beavers. Donate now. Porcupines have short bodies and are mostly dark brown and black in colour. Hystrix africaeaustralis . They are so-called because their quills can be raised into a ‘crest’ on their back. Human also eat porcupines in some places. (eds. Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in southern Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. [3][4] Cape porcupines measure 63 to 81 centimetres (25 to 32 inches) long from the head to the base of the tail, with the tail adding a further 11–20 centimetres (4.3–7.9 inches). Rather, they get stuck in whatever touches the porcupine. Porcupine quills have long been a favorite ornament and good-luck charm in Africa. [13] After mating, a copulatory plug forms, which is expelled about 48 hours later. Porcupine Fun We have two species of porcupine at Orana Wildlife Park; Cape Porcupine and African Crested Porcupine. Porcupine or Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) Order Rodentia. Economics. The young leave home for the first time at about two weeks of age, as their quills — soft at birth — begin to harden. Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. Wild Wednesday: African Cape Porcupine. The body is covered in long spines up to 50 centimetres (20 in) in length, interspersed with thicker, sharply pointed, defence quills up to 30 centimetres (12 in) long, and with bristly, blackish or brownish fur. Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. They warn potential enemies of their defense system when alarmed. A "crest" of spiny hair accentuates the very top of her head, awash in a black-to-white gradient. [5], This article is about an African porcupine. The cape porcupine is known to be the world largest porcupine and it is known to be the largest rodent in Africa. The Cape Porcupine is the largest species of porcupine in the world growing up to 90cm long. They are well-developed and are born with open eyes. They weigh approximately 50 lbs. Appearance Female porcupines are about one kilogram heavier than males, weighing 10-24 kg and males with a mass of 10-19 kg. The cape porcupine is named for the crest of white-tipped bristles around its neck. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest, hence its common name of crested porcupine. Wilson, D. ; Wilson, D. ; Wilson, D. E. ( eds course, quills! Legs are short and sturdy, and Asia front teeth ( called )! Animal itself the lower half of the body, but if danger threatens, they are so-called because quills. 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