Anyway, the important thing is to know the varieties of agave. americana, from America, North or South. Despite their common name, most century plants do not live longer than 30 years; each rosette of leaves usually dies after flowering, though clonal pups at the base may persist. Each leaf has a waxy bloom, spiny tip, and sharp marginal spines. The plant is reported being hardy to -9.5 to -6.5°C or Zone 8b 15-20f. Some commonly grown species include Agave americana, Agave angustifolia, Agave tequilana, Agave attenuata, Agave parviflora, Agave murpheyi, Agave vilmoriniana, Agave palmeri, Agave parryi, and Agave victoriae-reginae. ramosa, ramosus, with many branches; branched. The baked, dried heads are also boiled and made into an edible paste, eaten whole, or made into soup. You know it as agave, but it has multiple names like maguey, agave, pita, cabuya, fique or mezcal. Agave americana 'Mediopicta' is a highly ornamental succulent with variegated leaves. [27], The Navajo similarly found many uses for the agave plant. [22][23] Being succulents, they tend to rot if kept too wet. Specific epithet means of America. ", "Agave as a model CAM crop system for a warming and drying world", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Agave&oldid=990812613, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 17:12. Agave americana ssp. [11] Further, cactus (Cactaceae) and stonecrop (Crassulaceae) lineages are eudicots, while aloes (Asphodelaceae) and agaves (Asparagaceae) are monocots. Molecular phylogenetic analyses from 1996 onwards repeatedly showed that the previously separate genera Manfreda, Polianthes and Prochnyanthes were embedded in Agave, as traditionally circumscribed, making Agave paraphyletic. 1976. The genus Agave (from the Ancient Greek αγαυή, agauê)[4] is primarily known for its succulent and xerophytic species that typically form large rosettes of strong, fleshy leaves. Other Common Names: Century plant, American agave, American century plant, maguey, flowering aloe, American aloe, metl, spiked aloe. [31], The sap of A. americana and other species is used in Mexico and Mesoamerica to produce pulque, an alcoholic beverage. A. americana, century plant, was introduced into southern Europe about the middle of the 16th century, and is now widely cultivated as an ornamental, as it is in the Americas. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. [31][33] Resulting from its natural habitat in stressful environments, agave is under preliminary research for its potential use in germplasm conservation and in biotechnology to better anticipate the economic effects of global climate change. Century Plant; Spanish: Maguey, Lechuguilla, Mescal; Nahuatl: Metl, Tlacametl, Teometl; Cautions. Agave species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species, including Batrachedra striolata, which has been recorded on A. shawii. The grey-green leaves will reach up to 2m (6 feet) in length and 25cm (10 inch) wide with marginal hooked spines. This mezcal is distilled from 100% Agave Americana—commonly known as arroqueño—which grow semi-wild in Miahuatlan, Oaxaca. Greenish-yellow flowers (each to 3-4" long) bloom in panicles at the branch ends. This plant is also well-known for its infrequent but spectacular flowering spikes. [6][page needed][7], Along with plants from the closely related genera Yucca, Hesperoyucca, and Hesperaloe, various Agave species are popular ornamental plants in hot, dry climates, as they require very little supplemental water to survive. The sap can also be taken internally in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery etc. The most widespread species remains Agave americana, which has become a common landscaping plant in the southern states of the US, the Middle East and southern Europe. The fibers are used to make rope, the leaves are used to line baking pits, and the sharp-pointed leaf tips are used to make basketry awls. The name is commonly applied to A. americana, which is grown as an ornamental in many places and is a source of the fibre maguey and of “ agave nectar” used as a sweetener. Agave americana is a rosette-forming perennial succulent that is native to Mexico. As we have already noticed its bruised leaves afforded a paste from which paper was manufactured, its juice was fermented into an intoxicating beverage, pulque, of which the natives, to this day, are extremely fond; its leaves further supplied an impenetrable thatch for the more humble dwellings; thread, of which coarse stuffs were made, and strong cords, were drawn from its tough and twisted fibers; pins and needles were made from the thorns at the extremity of its leaves; and the root, when properly cooked, was converted into a palatable and nutritious food. The leaves are eaten boiled, and the young, tender flowering stalks and shoots are roasted and eaten as well. [6][page needed] During flowering, a tall stem or "mast" ("quiote" in Mexico), which can grow to be 12 metres (40 feet) high,[9] grows apically from the center of the rosette and bears a large number of short, tubular flowers and sometimes vegetatively produced bulbils (a form of asexual reproduction). ; Bailey, E.Z. After pollination/fertilization and subsequent fruit development, in monocarpic species, the original rosette dies. The agave, especially Agave murpheyi, was a major food source for the prehistoric indigenous people of the Southwestern United States. What you will get. americana, Agave rasconensis, Agave spectabilis, Agave variegata, Aloe americana. The Agave americana also goes by the common names of American aloe or century plant. Common names include century plant, maguey (in Mexico), or American aloe (though not related to the genus Aloe). expansa (Jacobi) Gentry (Reveal and Hodgson, 2002). [6][page needed] Not all agaves produce suckers throughout their lifetimes; some species rarely or never produce suckers, while others may only develop suckers after final maturation with inflorescence. [7] Most Agave species grow very slowly. azul is used in the production of tequila. Northwest, they are sweet and can be used to make didgeridoos, for eating ideal plant for landscape! 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