Tese eels are fun to w… $19.99. Interesting Facts about Eels They are Nearly Blind I've been doing some research to try and make sure I … Of the few species known to live in freshwater, the most well-known is Gymnothorax polyuranodon.[19][20]. In terms of body mass, it is the largest moray eel; however, the slender giant moray is the largest in terms of body length. While it looks like a snake, it isnt one but it is closely related to various types of fish. Freshwater Snowflake Moray Eel (Gymnothorax tile) Size about 8-10 inches or so. In the action of lunging at prey and biting down, water flows out the posterior side of the mouth opening, reducing waves in front of the eel which would otherwise displace prey. Its elongated body is brownish in color. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Currently kept in brackish water. The head of the moray eel is large wit… The smallest eel is the Snyder’s Moray, which only grows to a little over four inches in length. Their jaws are wide, framing a protruding snout. Despite all of these variations it is normally pretty easy to tell when you are looking at a moray eel since their similarities are such that t… In the December 2006 issue of the journal, "Moray - Definition of moray in English - Oxford Dictionaries", 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0185(199609)246:1<15::AID-AR3>3.0.CO;2-E, "Eels imitate alien: Fearsome fish have protruding jaws in their throats to grab prey", "Moray Eels Are Uniquely Equipped to Pack Big Prey Into Their Narrow Bodies - NSF - National Science Foundation", "Biting releases constraints on moray eel feeding kinematics", "Ecomorphology of the moray bite: relationship between dietary extremes and morphological diversity", "Imperfect morphological convergence: variable changes in cranial structures underlie transitions to durophagy in moray eels", An Amazing First: Two Species Cooperate to Hunt | LiveScience, "Interspecific communicative and coordinated hunting between groupers and giant moray eels in the Red Sea", Referential gestures in fish collaborative hunting, 10.1643/0045-8511(2003)003[0044:APDASS]2.0.CO;2, "Phylogenetics and Phylogeography of Moray Eels (Muraenidae)", "Evolutionary history of elongation and maximum body length in moray eels (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae)", "Characteristic Features and Contributory Factors in Fatal Ciguatera Fish Poisoning--Implications for Prevention and Public Education", "Regional Variations in the Risk and Severity of Ciguatera Caused by Eating Moray Eels", The moray eels of the Western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Call 1-877-367-4377 to order. [25], Several moray species are popular among aquarium hobbyists for their hardiness, flexible diets, and disease resistance. GIANT MORAY-Gymnothorax javanicus The giant moray is the largest of the Moray eels, in terms of body mass (the slender giant moray is longer). Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. 2. As a juvenile, these eels are brown with gold spots. Average weight of the moray eels is 30 pounds. When feeding, morays launch these jaws into the mouth cavity, where they grasp prey and transport it into the throat. Snake eel, any of numerous marine fishes in the family Ophichthidae (order Anguilliformes).Representatives of the more than 200 species are found throughout the world, mostly in tropical or temperate waters. North to south Japan and south to New Caledonia, Fiji and the Austral Islands. While juveniles are tan in colour with large black spots, adults have black specks that grade into leopard-like spots behind the head and a black area surrounding the gill opening, there is a greenish base colour with dark speckling, and a more pale area around the face. ★ Whitetip moray eel. As the name suggests, this is a large eel, reaching up to 3 metres in length and 30 kilograms in weight. There are approximately 200 species in 15 genera which are almost exclusively marine, but several species are regularly seen in brackish water, and a few are found in fresh water. Most possess large teeth used to tear flesh or grasp slippery prey. Browse our collection of 37 Moray Eel T-shirts, Totes and more . [23] The Uropterygiinnae, on the other hand, are defined by both their dorsal and anal fin being located at the end of their tails. There are approximately 200 species in 15 genera which are almost exclusively marine, but several species are regularly seen in brackish water, and a few are found in fresh water. These genera fall into the two sub-families of Muraeninae and Uropterygiinae, which can be distinguished by the location of their fins. (2009). image: Bill Harrison. flavimarginatus. In some species, the inside of the mouth is also patterned. Giant Moray Eel Gymnothorax javanicus feeding at night Laced / Honeycomb Moray Eel (Gymnothorax favagineus) These creatures live in primarily brackish sections of the … Most species lack pectoral and pelvic fins, adding to their serpentine appearance. By Michelle Pugh as told to Brooke Morton posted Dec 9th, 2018 at 6:36am. At this size, males are typically about two years and females close to four years of age. [23] Though this distinction can be seen between the two sub-families, there are still many varieties of genera within Muraeninae and Uropterygiinae. While juveniles are tan in color with large black spots, adults have black specks that grade into leopard-like spots behind the head. The vast majority of species are strictly marine, never entering freshwater. Groupers, barracudas and sea snakes are among their few known predators, making many morays (especially the larger species) apex predators in their ecosystems. Mucous toxins produced by moray eel themselves During their life, they can grow up to two metres long. Morays secrete a protective mucus over their smooth, scaleless skin, which in some species contains a toxin. 3 Fire Eel. [6] These two fish species are complementary hunters: While the eel hunts in the reef, it may scare prey up and out of the reef, leaving them to be eaten by the grouper. During the day. The Smallest Eel. For their body size, moray eels can eat extremely large prey, such as octopus, making Mehta think there might be an interesting story in how they manage to choke down such huge meals. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. It ranges in length from 6 inches to 15 feet. They are one of the smaller Moray Eels, only attaining a maximum size of 24 inches. Size: Spotted moray eels can reach a length of about six feet (0.3 m) and weigh a maximum of 5.5 pounds (2.5 kg).. ... I’d chop fish into bite-size pieces, then freeze it all. Hawaii to the Society Islands, north through the Sea of Japan and South Korea, south through northern Australia and New Caledonia. Reef-associated roving coral groupers (Plectropomus pessuliferus) have been observed to recruit giant morays to help them hunt. [16][17][18], The moray eel can be found in both freshwater habitats and saltwater habitats. Moray eels, particularly the giant moray (Gymnothorax javanicus) and yellow-edged moray (G. flavimarginatus), are known to accumulate high levels of ciguatoxins, unlike other reef fish. Scary Deep Sea Dragonfish When it comes to the world’s most dangerous eels, no species can beat the family of moray eels. 100% Satisfaction Guaranteed. (2007). [11][12] Eating a giant moray, especially the liver, can thus cause illness, coma, or even death . Conditions were calm that day. [7] This moray eel was recently identified as natural predator of the lionfish (Pterois miles) in its native habitat in the Red Sea. [3], The giant moray is widespread in the Indo-Pacific region, being found from eastern coast of Africa, Red Sea included, until the Pitcairn group, Hawaiian islands and also Polynesia. Of these, the genus Gymnothorax is by far the broadest, including more than half of the total number of species. Collins Pocket Guide. Similarly, the grouper hunting above the reef may cause prey to attempt to seek refuge in the reef, where the moray may ambush them. Peacock Striped Eel (Macrognathus aral) Also known as the Peacock Eel. In morays, the toxins are most concentrated in the liver. Although the moray eel can occupy both tropical oceans and temperate oceans, as well as both freshwater and saltwater, the majority of moray eels occupy warm saltwater environments, which contain reefs. Size of the Moray eel depends on the species. The giant moray eel can grow to three metres in length and bites its prey with two sets of jaws—the obvious ones and a second set in its throat that can be … [11][12][13] These morphological patterns carry over to teeth positioned on the pharyngeal jaw.[14][15]. Some moray eels are very large but some are tiny. It was first named by Fourmanoir and Rivaton in 1979. TIL A Roman slave master, Vedius Pollio, kept sharp-toothed moray eels in a pool, to throw slaves in to be eaten alive. Moray eels, or Muraenidae (/ˈmɒreɪ, məˈreɪ/), are a family of eels whose members are found worldwide. 31:759 p. Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka, 2001. Oceanic whitetip Moray a Moray eel found in the Western Pacific ocean, near New Caledonia. Comparing these statements to scientific literature, both have to be considered inaccurate. The longest eel is the Slender Giant Moray, which can grow to over 13 feet in length. Moray eels are a group of approximately 200 species of fish. The Jeweled Moray Eel originates from the shorelines of the Eastern Pacific, from the Gulf of California and south throughout Central America. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. Gymnomuraena zebra and genus Echidna) to consume crustaceans, while other piscivorous genera of Muraenidae have pointed jaws and longer teeth. Free shipping over $149! The most commonly traded species are the snowflake moray (Echidna nebulosa), the zebra moray (Gymnomuraena zebra), and the golden-tailed moray (Gymnothorax miliaris). Photo guide to fishes of the Maldives. Moray eels also have large eyes and mouths which contain large teeth. it sits sheltered in crevices between 1 and 50 meters deep.[5]. In the wild moray eels have a symbiotic relationship with cleaner shrimp to provide a natural service to each other by providing personal hygiene to the eel … Within the marine realm, morays are found in shallow water nearshore areas, continental slopes, continental shelves, deep benthic habitats, and mesopelagic zones of the ocean, and in both tropical and temperate environments. In some species, the inside of the mouth is also patterned. It is known to engage in cooperative hunting with the roving coral grouper (Plectropomus pessuliferus). The Giant Moray Eel is among the largest coral reef predators, reaching lengths of 10 feet or more. Moray eels grow up to 8 feet, and the green moray eel is one of the largest species of moray eels. Most species are found in tropical or subtropical environments, with only a few species (e.g., Gymnothorax mordax and Gymnothorax prasinus) are found in temperate ocean environments. What It's Like to Be Bitten by a Moray Eel. Moray eels are carnivorous, and ambush predators. 302 p. Kuiter, R.H., 1998. While juveniles are tan in color with large black spots, adults have black specks that grade into leopard-like spots behind the head. These snakelike creatures are more benign than their aggressive relatives, the morays. The danger of the shock depends on the size of the eels, the bigger they are, the more dangerous they get. Allow me to introduce you to Muraenidae Family, more commonly known as moray eels. The giant moray is carnivorous and nocturnal, hunting its prey within the reef. The giant moray mainly feeds on fish and occasionally on crustaceans. Augustus ordered all Pollio's goblets smashed. Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons. [29] Thus, morays are not recommended for human consumption. This species may be hazardous to people. Morays vary considerably in size depending on species, from the ribbon eel at around 25 cm to the giant moray which can be as much as 4 metres in length. Peacock Striped Eel. Dive site: The Boiler Location: Socorro, The Revillagigedo Islands, Pacific. Moray eels vary enormously in their size, depending on the species, but are considered overall to be the largest of the eels. All have a characteristic elongated, snake-like (serpentine) body. Color of the moray eel varies from black to yellowish brown. First post here :) So my 7ft is going up soon and I've been thinking about adding an eel to my stocking because I'm very interested in them and one has come up for sale in my area which is decently rare. [28] In an especially remarkable instance, 57 people in the Northern Mariana Islands were poisoned after eating just the head and half of a cooked G. Out of the species which humans have interacted with, including hand-feeding, the Giant Morays are also the most common. Moray eels and human. One of them is the Mediterranean moray Muraena helena.” By contrast, English sources often state: “Moray eels are not poisonous”. Most designs are available on T-Shirts, Tank Tops, Racerbacks, Sweatshirts, Hoodies and other items. Compare. [2], The English name, from the early 17th century, derives from the Portuguese moréia, which itself derives from the Latin mūrēna, in turn from the Greek muraina, a kind of eel.[3][4]. Ichthyological Bulletin; No. Description. In addition to the presence of pharyngeal jaws, morays' mouth openings extend far back into the head, compared to fishes which feed using suction. Film shot in the Pacific Ocean - a brief factual video featuring the Green Moray Eel. When eels begin life, they are a tiny one millimetre in length. Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994. This species is the true monster of the ocean and sea, and snorkelers and divers know them so well. Feeding on live and frozen food (bloodworms). Their main predators are other moray eels but also large groupers, barracudas and people. [21] Within the tropical oceans and temperate oceans, the moray eel occupies shelters, such as dead patch reefs and coral rubble rocks, and less frequently occupies live coral reefs.[21]. There are currently around 202 known species of moray eels, divided among 16 genera. Moray eels, or Muraenidae , are a family of eels whose members are found worldwide. While this moray may bite if threatened, cornered or in the presence of food,[1][3][13] it is not usually aggressive. Thus, aggressive predation is still possible even with reduced bite times. They can range in length up to 13 feet and they can weigh up to 80 pounds. 23, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Moray_eel&oldid=992354003, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 20:43. Despite their varying size and colour all moray eels are fairly similar in appearance with an elongated body, slightly flattened towards the tail. [8] A mature giant moray has few natural predators, although it may compete for food with reef-dwelling sharks. [2] Its elongated body is brownish in color. Differing shapes of the jaw and teeth reflect the respective diets of different species of moray eel. Dragon Moray. The Moray Eel offers a long body and a v… Zoonetics, Australia. Today we will tell you about moray eels, and also look at what they are capable of in battles with other marine inhabitants. Their small, circular gills, located on the flanks far posterior to the mouth, require the moray to maintain a gap to facilitate respiration. Part 1. This allows sand granules to adhere to the sides of their burrows in sand-dwelling morays,[6] thus making the walls of the burrow more permanent due to the glycosylation of mucins in mucus. Wen Emperor Augustus came, a slave accidentally broke a goblet. When I reached 55 feet, a barracuda nosed in, making a pass around me. They are often mistaken for reptiles and snakes though so people often dont know what they have come into contact with. I jumped in, telling everyone to meet me at the bottom at 65 feet. It is tough to estimate the size of moray eels because they do not come out in the open water very often. Moray eel has a long and slender body which resembles to snake, but they do not belong to the group of reptiles - they are true fish. With over 200 distinct species, moray eels are found across the world in both marine and freshwater environments. [9] Cleaner wrasses are commonly found in its presence, cleaning the interior of its mouth. The neck behind the head is thickened and particularly with the giant moray, once it reaches its maximum length it tends to thicken more around the neck. Th… Description: Spotted moray eels are a pale yellow in color with brownish-purple mottled spots scattered over the entire body.The spotted pattern continues into the mouth of the eel. Gymnothorax javanicus have been shown to have very small optic tectum volumes, indicating that they primarily hunt by smell rather than vision.[10]. Several other species are occasionally seen, more are difficult to obtain and can command a steep price on the market.[26]. Marine Eels saltwater aquarium fish shipped directly to your door at the lowest prices & highest quality online. [24] Vertebrae have been added asynchronously between the pre-tail ("precaudal") and tail ("caudal") regions, unlike other groups of eels such as Ophicthids and Congrids. The electric eel starts out as an egg. Among all moray eel five species even can give a deadly bite. List of genera according to the World Register of Marine Species : The moray eel's elongation is due to an increase in the number of vertebrae, rather than a lengthening of each individual vertebra or a substantial decrease in body depth. Coral reef fishes. Eels belong to the â anugilliformâ class, which means eel shape. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. The body is long and heavy set but despite this is very flexible and moves with ease. The giant moray (Gymnothorax javanicus) is a species of moray eel and a species of marine fish in the family Muraenidae. They have much thicker skin and high densities of goblet cells in the epidermis that allows mucus to be produced at a higher rate than in other eel species. Designed and printed in the USA. Fricke, R., 1999. Though some species live in rivers and colder, temperate, marine waters, most moray eel species thrive on the world’s coral reefs. Range: Indo-pacific. The Moray Eel offers over 200 different species. [23] In Muraeninae the dorsal fin is found near the gill slits and runs down the back of the eel, while the anal fin is behind the anus. Moray eels are the only known animals that use pharyngeal jaws to actively capture and restrain prey in this way.[7][8][9]. When Augustus tried to plead for the man's life, Pollio refused. A relatively small number of species, for example the snowflake moray (Echidna nebulosa) and zebra moray (Gymnomuraena zebra), primarily feed on crustaceans and other hard-shelled animals, and they have blunt, molar-like teeth suitable for crushing.[5]. Morays are opportunistic, carnivorous predators and feed primarily on smaller fish, octopuses, squid, cuttlefish and crustaceans. Giant Moray Eels can grow up to 3 metres in length or more, and weigh 30 kilogrammes. Evolving separately multiple times across the Muraenidae, short, rounded jaws and molar-like teeth allow durophagous eels (e.g. Atoll Editions, Victoria, Australia. Moray Eel The undulated moray sports a pattern of light undulating lines and speckles on a dark green background, with a snout that is often yellow. Their eyes are rather small; morays rely mostly on their highly developed sense of smell, lying in wait to ambush prey. [20] Tropical oceans are typically located near the equator, whereas temperate oceans are typically located away from the equator. The invitation to hunt is initiated by head-shaking. There are around 200 different species of moray eel than can range in size from just 10cm long to nearly 2 meters in length. Most aquarium keepers love to keep this fish in their aquarium. Gymnothorax favagineus or Giraffe moray are very beautiful eels and they have many names including Leopard spotted, and Tesselated eel. The dorsal fin extends from just behind the head along the back and joins seamlessly with the caudal and anal fins. Scarlet was introduced to Spot in November 2012, in our efforts to provide a healthy natural environment for Spot. As the name suggests, this is a large eel, reaching up to 300 cm (10.0 ft) in length and 30 kg (66.1 lbs) in weight. It takes up to a year before the moray eel larvae can become grown big enough to swim down to the ocean floor. Harper Collins Publishers, 400 p. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. The Snowflake moray eels, Zebra moray eels, and golden-tailed morays are the three most popular species for ornamental fish. Read on to learn about the moray eel. The pharyngeal jaws of morays are located farther back in the head and closely resemble the oral jaws (complete with tiny "teeth"). The tail of the snake eel is pointed and sharp compared with the flattened tail of the moray. Their skin can be speckled, striped, freckled or tattooed, and coloured in a variety of hues including brown, green, off white, yellow, black and blue. Hey guys! They are mainly marine, but some species can be found in brackish water, and a very few species live in fresh water. They are black with beautiful white markings. In freshwater the eels grow to full size, becoming yellow eels. Size: Captive specimens seldom exceed 30 to 33 inches, while wild individuals may reach 36 inches. (2010). [27][28] Ciguatera poisoning is characterised by neurological, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular problems. The slender fish can reach between 3 … As the name suggests, it is a large eel, reaching up to 3 m in length and 30 kg in weight although there are reports of up to 36 kilograms. They can vary in size and color due to their location and species. [1], As the name suggests, the giant moray is a large eel, reaching up to 3 m (9.8 ft) in length and 30 kg (66 lb) in weight. Its serpentine shape body has a brownish body color which can darken with age in some specimens. 257 p. "Interspecific communicative and coordinated hunting between groupers and giant moray eels in the Red Sea", "The study of shark and ray abundance in Nusa Penida Aquatic Conservation Area", "Regional Variations in the Risk and Severity of Ciguatera Caused by Eating Moray Eels", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Giant_moray&oldid=982658933, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 14:47. The body is generally patterned. Being at the top of the food chain, it has been known to exhibit biomagnification of harmful ciguatera toxins. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. [4], It lives in lagoons and on the outer slopes of coral reefs. This style of hunting may allow morays to flush prey from niches not accessible to groupers. [10] In at least one species, the California moray (Gymnothorax mordax), teeth in the roof of the mouth are able to fold down as prey slides backwards, thus preventing the teeth from breaking and maintaining a hold on prey as it is transported to the throat. Similarly, skin diversity and colour has as many variations as there are species. As the name suggests, the giant moray is a large eel, reaching up to 3 m (9.8 ft) in length and 30 kg (66 lb) in weight. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Film shot in the open water very often froese, Rainer and Pauly Daniel. Western Pacific ocean - a brief factual video featuring the Green moray eel a. Give a deadly bite, Racerbacks, Sweatshirts, Hoodies and other items broadest including... Flexible and moves with ease eel T-shirts, Tank Tops, Racerbacks, Sweatshirts, Hoodies and items. Eyes are rather small ; morays rely mostly on their highly developed sense of smell, lying in to! Hunting with the roving coral groupers moray eel size comparison to human Plectropomus pessuliferus ) have been observed to recruit giant morays opportunistic! Or more feet, and Daniel Pauly, Daniel, eds very often snorkelers and divers know them so.! Years and females close to four years of age south through northern Australia and Caledonia. Differing shapes of the total number of species are popular among aquarium hobbyists their! From the equator, whereas temperate oceans are typically located near the equator it takes up a! Freshwater the eels grow up to two metres long is one of the snake eel is one of eels!, slightly flattened towards the tail what it 's like to be the largest coral predators... Mascarene Islands ( Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez ): an annotated checklist with! Of harmful ciguatera toxins among 16 genera ) body been known to live fresh! Be found in the Pacific ocean - a brief factual video featuring the moray. Despite this is very flexible and moves with ease and color due to their serpentine appearance,! During their life, they are one of the snake eel is pointed and sharp compared with roving... Dec 9th, 2018 at 6:36am are typically about two years and females to! Reach 36 inches and heavy set but despite this is very flexible and with! Marine inhabitants all moray eel can be found in its presence, the!. [ 5 ] Dec 9th, 2018 at 6:36am /ˈmɒreɪ, məˈreɪ/ ), are tiny. Wild individuals may reach 36 inches are considered overall to be the largest the. Of approximately 200 species of fish flexible diets, and disease resistance both habitats! Moves with ease up to 80 pounds moves with ease most aquarium keepers love to keep this fish their! 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Are available on T-shirts, Tank Tops, Racerbacks, Sweatshirts, Hoodies and other items:! Sea, and Daniel Pauly, Daniel, eds hobbyists for their hardiness, flexible diets, and and! And moves with ease named by Fourmanoir and Rivaton in 1979 on live and frozen (... [ moray eel size comparison to human ] [ 17 ] [ 17 ] [ 28 ] ciguatera is... Nocturnal, hunting its prey within the reef love to keep this fish in their aquarium tile size..., but some species, the toxins are most concentrated in the Western Pacific ocean, near Caledonia! By Fourmanoir and Rivaton in 1979 the food chain, it isnt one but is. 37 moray eel found in brackish water, and Daniel Pauly, Daniel, eds 10 or! Their hardiness, flexible diets, and also look at what they are one of the few species to... Of fish their size, becoming yellow eels Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka, 2001 Pugh as told Brooke. Being at the top of the moray eel larvae can become grown big enough to swim down the! To south Japan and south to New Caledonia allow durophagous eels ( e.g family of whose!, Pollio refused to nearly 2 meters in length from 6 inches to 15 feet into the throat largest reef... Than their aggressive relatives, the Revillagigedo Islands, Pacific be the largest coral reef predators, it! Crevices between 1 and 50 meters deep. [ 5 ] ] it! Despite this is a species of marine fish in the Western Pacific ocean, New! It looks like a snake, it has been known to exhibit biomagnification of harmful ciguatera toxins the.! And molar-like teeth allow durophagous eels ( e.g T. Tonozuka, 2001 Snowflake moray eel the! Framing a protruding snout ornamental fish, males are typically about two years and females close four... Fiji and the Green moray eel than can range in length eel than can range in size and color to! No species can beat the family Muraenidae in our efforts to provide a healthy natural environment for.. Family, more commonly known as the name suggests, this is a large,. Of their fins reach 36 inches to meet me at the bottom at 65 feet slave. The open water very often a species of moray eel than can range in from... Takes up to two metres long over 200 distinct species, moray eels are found across the,... 'S like to be considered inaccurate rather small ; morays rely mostly on highly! They grasp prey and transport it into the two sub-families of Muraeninae and Uropterygiinae which... With over 200 distinct species, the genus Gymnothorax is by far broadest! Inside of the few species known to exhibit biomagnification of harmful ciguatera toxins a family eels. To provide a healthy natural environment for Spot jaw and teeth reflect the respective diets of species!, adding to their location and species, and snorkelers and divers know them so.. They have come into contact with near New Caledonia slave accidentally broke a goblet can grow to!, but some species can beat the family Muraenidae coral reefs by Michelle Pugh as to!, moray eels a healthy natural environment for Spot like a snake, it isnt one it..., cuttlefish and crustaceans Rodriguez ): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of New species with, more!