ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them. Invalid Email Address. Polyolefin fiber reinforced concrete also gives higher bending strength. Civil Engineering Journal is now the member of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Alberti, MG, Enfedaque, A, Galvez, JC. Result shows that M30 design mix concrete amalgamated with 0.75% basalt fiber and 0.25% polyolefin fiber is a good hybrid fiber reinforced concrete (HFRC). “Application of high performance polypropylene fibers in concrete lining of water tunnels”, Mater Des 2014; 55: 274–9. Furthermore, it is possible to fit this behavior within the existing standards requirements. Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete. fibers APPROVALS / STANDARDS Complies with ASTM C 1116/C1116M Type III Fiber Reinforced Concrete and ASTM D7508 / D7508M PRODUCT INFORMATION Chemical Base Polyolefin Packaging SikaFiber®-800 Stealth are pucked and placed various sizes of "toss-in" degradable bags. Dubai, UAE The lightweight concrete was designed to achieve compressive strength target of at least 30 MPa with a density value of 1800 kg/m 3 after 28 days of storage. Arash Sedaghatdoost Wolfgang, H, Naaman, A,”High performance fiber reinforced cement composites”, 3rd International RILEM Workshop. Compressive, flexural, and splitting tensile strengths of the sample were measured. Fiber Reinforced Concrete; Polyolefin Fiber; Light Weight Concrete; Mechanical Properties. 1.2 Related Sections A. Civil Engineering Department, Najafabda University, Isfahan, Iran Iran, Islamic Republic of, Morteza Amini Ivorra S, Garces P, Catala G, Andion LG, Zornoza E. “Effect of silica fume particle size on mechanical properties of short carbon fiber reinforced concrete”, Mater Des 2010; 31(3):1553–8. Such results were obtained with fibers embedded in high-performance concrete matrixes. The effectiveness of structural macro-synthetic polyolefin (PO) and a hybrid combination of steel and synthetic fibers on the flexural performance of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforced concrete beams is studied. 45-51. • Significance of Test These tests were designed to show the ductile, elastic/ plastic behavior and post crack load carrying capacity of fiber reinforced concrete. Concr. The Engineer will approve the letter prior to use. The inclusion of fibers in concrete results in improved energy absorbing characteristics of the concrete. Every published material will be provided with DOI and will remain the permanent link of that article. Fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) is a composite material consisting of Portland cement concrete (PCC) and discontinuous natural, steel or plastic fibers. Brandt A. The results showed that the highest compressive strength was obtained in LWC containing 1% fiber led to an increase of about 8%. Free Online Library: Performance evaluation of hybrid fibre reinforced concrete with polyolefin and basalt fibres. Its use enabled a reduction of the overall material cost and a total substitution of the customary steel-bar reinforcement. Polyolefin fibers shall meet the The project consisted of milling 3 inches of existing asphalt material from the roadway and replacing it with 3.5 inches of polyolefin fiber enriched concrete. Chandra, S, Berntsson, L,”Light weight aggregate concrete”, Elsevier, 2002. reinforced concrete beams has not yet been fully explored. This new polyolefin fiber-reinforced concrete with enhanced fatigue, impact resistance, modulus of construction of durable highway structures. The fibers shall conform to ASTM C1116 Type III and manufactured specifically for the reinforcement of concrete. 48331-3439 USA The results obtained showed that a polyolefin fiber-reinforced self-compacting concrete has fracture properties analogous to a steel fiber-reinforced self-compacting concrete. Section 03241 Polyolefin Fiber Reinforcement Part 1 General 1.1 Section Includes A. Polyolefin fiber reinforcement for wet-mix shotcrete. This is the first time this synthetic fiber-reinforced concrete was used in the construction of reinforced concrete structural elements such as bridge deck and jersey barriers. Flexural Toughness of fiber Reinforced Concrete, (Standard SF4),” JCI Standards for Test Methods of Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Japan Concrete Institute, 1983, pp. One of the commonly used methods, for this purpose, is the addition of steel fibers of different geometries. Pakravan, H.R, Latifi, M, Jamshidi, M,“Hybrid short fiber reinforcement system in concrete: A review”, Construction and Building Materials 142 (2017) 280–294. ASTM C 1116 Standard Specification for Fiber Reinforced Concrete and Shotcrete 2. For any cement-based composite, however, the type of fiber and its dimensions are the two most important factors controlling such cracking. Click here to become an online Symposium Papers subscriber. It is a great honor for the Civil Engineering Journal to be accepted for inclusion in Scopus. The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The data presented is based on … or Fibers for concrete shall be Fibermesh 650, 100 percent Ramakrishnan, V., “Performance characteristics of polyolefin fiber reinforced concrete”, Proceedings of the Materials Engineering Conference: Materials for the New Millennium, 1: pp. Alejandro Enfedaque, Marcos Alberti, Jaime Gálvez, Influence of Fiber Distribution and Orientation in the Fracture Behavior of Polyolefin Fiber-Reinforced Concrete, Materials, 10.3390/ma12020220, 12, 2, … The significance of this paper lies in the characterisation of polyolefin fibre–reinforced concrete (PFRC) not only by using fracture flexural results tests but also by comparing such results with the direct tensile behaviour of the material obtained from uniaxial tests. Vandewalle, L, “Postcracking behaviour of hybrid steel fiber reinforced concrete”, In Fracture Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures– FraMCoS, in: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, Catania, Italy, 2007, pp. The objective of this research was to determine the mechanical properties of polyolefin fiber reinforced lightweight concrete (LWC). Where Fiber-Reinforced Concrete is specified or designated on the plans, the concrete mix shall include approved polyolefin fibers. polyolefin fibers in portland cement concrete pavement The North Dakota Department of Transportation (NDDOT) has constructed an experimental white topping project. Please enter search criteria and search again, Structural Application of Polyolefin Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Bridge-deck; construction applications; fiber reinforced concrete; flexural toughness; impact strength; nonmetallic fibers; overlay; performance characteristics; polyolefin fiber; toughness. The Offices 2 Building, One Central The increase of the bending tensile strength and the uniaxial tensile strength of concrete with polyolefin macrofibers reinforcement in These test results show that 3M fibers improve hardened concrete material performance characteristics like steel fibers do. In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. Polyolefin FRC was used for construction of a thin bridge deck overlay, a Jersey barrier, a full depth bridge deck slab, whitetopping (concrete on scarified asphalt pavement), and full depth pavement. Moreover, it allowed an improvement in the concrete pouring rate and completion deadlines along the pipeline. Colangelo, S, Cioffi, R, Liguori, B, Iucolano, F. “Recycled polyolefins waste as aggregates for lightweight concrete”, Composites Part B 106, (2016), 234-241. This specification covers polyolefin chopped strands (fibers) for use in concrete. Abstract:This paper presents the construction of a bridge deck and jersey barriers with the newly developed polyolefin fiber reinforced concrete. Title: Structural Application of Polyolefin Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Keywords: Bridge-deck; construction applications; fiber reinforced concrete; flexural toughness; impact strength; nonmetallic fibers; overlay; performance characteristics; polyolefin fiber; toughness. Invalid Email Address Cellulose fiber is found to enhance axial compressive strength of concrete but weakens splitting tensile strength. Email Address is required Fibers for concrete shall be Fibercast 500 micro-synthetic fine fibrillated 93-102, 1996. Civil Engineering Journal is an open access journal, so articles are freely available to the readers. Research has shown that polyolefin fiber–reinforced concrete (PFRC) can meet the requirements of standards in terms of the contributions of fiber in structural design. In this system, basalt fibre improves the first-crack strength and ultimate strength, while, the polyolefin fibre is expected to improve toughness and strain capacity in the “Fiber reinforced cement-based (FRC) composites after over 40 years of development in building and civil engineering”, Compos Structure 2008; 86(1–3):3–9. Farmington Hills, MI Civil Engineering Department, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran Iran, Islamic Republic of. 1.3 References A. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 1. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. “On the mechanical properties and fracture behavior of polyolefin fiber-reinforced self-compacting concrete”, Constr Build Mater 2014; 55(31):274–88. This is significant because 3M fibers combine the structural advantages of steel fibers and the material advantages of polyolefin. Phone: 1.248.848.3800, Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal. The study has shown two synergies (with two fiber types that work together in the processes of fracture) and enhancement of fibers distribution and orientation on the surface of the fracture [7 M.G. This is the first time this synthetic fiber-reinforced concrete was used in the construction of reinforced concrete structural elements such as bridge deck and jersey barriers. Results show that discrete fibers had little effect on elastic modulus for fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) with coarse-to-fine aggregate ratio (C/S) greater than 1. The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts. Hybrid fiber reinforced concrete not only increases the strength but also have influences on the crack patterns of columns. Please enter this 5 digit unlock code on the web page. Fibers for concrete shall be Fibercast500 micro-synthetic fine fibrillated fibers containing no reprocessed olefin materials. However, a reduction in compressive strength was observed when the amount of fiber was increased. fibers consisting of steel, polypropylene, macro-polyolefin, poly-vinyl alcohol (PVA), and basalt fibers were investigated. In this study, a real application of polyolefin fiber–reinforced concrete is reported. 38800 Country Club Dr. Thomson Reuters Master Journal List (Web of Science). Fibers for concrete shall be Fibermesh 650, 100 percent virgin polyolefin fibers, e3 patented technology, containing no reprocessed olefin materials. Polyvinyl alcohol fiber weakens axial compressive strength, splitting tensile strength and shear strength of concrete. Moreover, increasing the amount of fiber presented a growth in rupture modulus as well as splitting tensile strength. The fibers shall conform to ASTM C1116 Type III and manufactured specifically for the secondary reinforcement of concrete. The difficulties involved in dealing with the heavyweight steel fibers during mixing is likely the reason for the less frequent use of steel fibers as opposed to the synthetic fibers. When polyolefin fibers are added to an approved concrete mix design, the Contractor shall submit a letter electronically sealed by the Concrete Mix Design Engineer approving the changes. In this study, closed steel fibers (CSF) are proposed for addition into concrete. High dosage of fiber may lead to … The mixture proportions used, the procedure used for mixing, transporting, placing, consolidating, finishing and curing are described. This research work focuses on Hybrid Fibre Reinforced Concrete (HFRC) beams with polyolefin-basalt hybrid fibres. This new polyolefin fiber-reinforced concrete with enhanced fatigue, impact resistance, modulus of construction of durable highway structures. From the past few years, researchers have been conducting experimental studies on the beneficial aspects of polyolefin fibers in normal conventional concrete, lightweight concrete, foamed concrete, and high-performance concrete [ … Section 03361: Shotcrete. This new polyolefin fiber-reinforced concrete with enhanced fatigue, impact resistance, modulus of construction of durable highway structures. If Macro Fiber-Reinforced Concrete is specified a new trial mix will be required. The mixture proportions used, the procedure used for mixing, transporting, placing, consolidating, finishing and curing are described. (Report) by "Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences"; Science and technology, general Basalt Mechanical properties Properties Concrete Concretes Fibers Polyolefin fibers However, for FRC with C/S smaller than 1 33 (1) (2003) 27–30. ACI World Headquarters Data documenting durability evaluations is presented in this paper. Fax: 1.248.848.3701, ACI Middle East Regional Office Over the past few years, polyolefin fiber reinforced self-compacting concrete has shown high performance in both fresh and hardened state. Polyolefin fibers were added to the reinforced composite in variable amounts (0-2%). Phone: +971.4.516.3208 & 3209, Feedback via Email The lightweight concrete was designed to achieve compressive strength target of at least 30 MPa with a density value of 1800 kg/m3 after 28 days of storage. Second Floor, Office #207 The increase in the use of polyolefin fiber-reinforced concrete (PFRC) is in contrast to the limited amount of published research about its fracture behavior. Res. Concrete is weak in tension and fibers are added to it to make it ductile. Alberti, "Fibre reinforced concrete with a combination of polyolefin and steel-hooked fibres", Compos. The utilization of polyolefin fibers in reinforced concrete can potentially enhance the properties of the concrete by changing the interfacial properties of the fiber-matrix interface. Every published material will be provided with, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Polypropylene fibers were used in almost all the synthetic FRC projects and polyolefin fibers in a couple of others. Mixing shall be as recommended by the manufacturer such that the fibers do not ball up. Click here to become an online Symposium Papers subscriber Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Info, ACI Foundation Scholarships & Fellowships. Dubai World Trade Center Complex shrinkage cracking in polyolefin fiber-reinforced concrete The effectiveness of fibers in controlling plastic shrinkage and thermal cracking in cement-based materials is well recognized. Polyolefin fibers by having good tensile properties, abrasion resistance, and excellent resistance to chemical attacks with low cost have been propounded as an alternative to steel reinforcing meshes or steel fibers . The bags are packed into cartons and palletized. Polyolefin fibers by having low Young's modulus (9 ≤ E ≤ 20 GPa) have been designed to control the post-cracking behavior of concrete . polyolefin fiber reinforced concrete (compression strength, tensile strength in bending, strength in uniaxial tension, elastic modulus, Poisson's coefficient) were stated. Han, T-Y, Lin, W-T, Cheng, A, Huang, R, Huang, C-C. “Influence of polyolefin fibers on the engineering properties of cement-based composites containing silica fume”, Mater Des 2012; 37: 569–76. This paper presents the construction of a bridge deck and jersey barriers with the newly developed polyolefin fiber reinforced concrete. It is a great honor for the Civil Engineering Journal to be indexed in Web of Science (ISI). However, failure of fiber reinforced concrete is initiated by pulling out of fibers, failing to utilize their full capacity. Tagnit, A, Vanhove, Y, Petrov, N,” Microstructural analysis of the bond mechanism between polyolefin fibers and cement pastes”, Cement and concrete research, Vol 35, pp 364-370, 2005. Yao, W, Li, J, Wu, K,” Mechanical properties of hybrid fiber-reinforced concrete at low fiber volume fraction”, Cem. This study assesses the main mechanical and fracture properties of PFRC by using conventional and self-compacting concrete with various dosages. 17–22. Unless otherwise specified, a minimum of 3.5 pounds per cubic yard of polyolefin fiber reinforcement shall be evenly distributed into the mix. Hence, the main benefit of using polyolefin fiber-reinforced concrete (PFRC) lies in the excellent post-cracking behavior which, together with cost and environmental benefits, makes it an attractive alternative to conventional steel reinforcement in the construction The mixture proportions used, the procedure used for mixing, transporting, placing, consolidating, finishing and curing are described. Its fracture behavior for small deformations could be enhanced with a small amount of steel-hooked fibers, obtaining a hybrid fiber-reinforced concrete well suited for structural use. Behfarnia, K, Behravan, A. Polyolefin fibers were added to the reinforced composite in variable amounts (0-2%). Phone: 1.248.848.3800 Topping project, impact resistance, modulus of construction of durable highway structures to... Concrete pouring rate and completion deadlines along the pipeline pulling out of in! 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